According to the Center for Applied Research in Educational Technology (CARET), a project of the International Society for Technology in Education in partnership with Education Support Systems and the Sacramento County Office of Education, technology can help improve student performance in six key ways:
1. “Technology improves student performance when the application directly supports the curriculum objectives being assessed.” ?In other words, technology is most effective when integrated with curriculum content.
2. “Technology improves performance when the application provides opportunities for student collaboration.” ?Studies show that paired and collaborative learning in conjunction with technology enhances student performance.
3. “Technology improves performance when the application adjusts for student ability and prior experience, and provides feedback to the student and teacher about student performance or progress with the application.” ?This finding supports the differentiated instruction practices of coaching and mentoring as well as sharing responsibility for learning.
4. “Technology improves performance when the application is integrated into the typical instructional day.” ?This finding supports classroom and content learning with technology as opposed to lab learning with technology.
5. “Technology improves performance when the application provides opportunities for students to design and implement projects that extend the curriculum content being assessed by a particular standardized test.” ?Student-created products, multimedia, and video streaming are examples of how technology can extend curriculum content.
6. “Technology improves performance when used in environments where teachers, the school community, and school and district administrators support the use of technology.” ?In addition to performance improvements tied to administrative support for technology, findings show that integration of technology with instruction, professional development for teachers, and computer use at home and school with differentiated products and student entry points combine to improve performance.